Market Wrap: Bitcoin Notches Biggest Gain in 6 Months as Price Soars
Bitcoin (BTC) and Ether (ETH) both moved aggressively higher on Friday, with BTC posting its largest daily gain in six months. It was up by more than 5% in the past 24 hours, while ETH rose by 10% during that time, although both cryptocurrencies remain down by more than 50% for the year.
Friday’s push appears to be tied to signals that the U.S. central bank will reverse course from monetary tightening to monetary easing in 2023, lowering interest rates in the process.
According to the Federal Reserve's "dot plot," the central bank now intends to raise rates to above 3.5% in 2023 and not retreat below 3% until after 2024. The dot plot represents the Fed's expectations of future interest rate levels.
Chicago Federal Reserve President Charles Evans implied on Thursday that next week’s inflation report would help the bank determine future rate hikes. Evans said that he expects rates to top out at around 3.5% to 4%, but that “maybe we don’t have to do it that soon."
- Bitcoin rose 9% on heavy trading volume that began late Thursday night. The price leaped higher during the 3:00 UTC hour and continued to rise throughout much of Friday. The largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization was recently trading above $21,000.
- Ether, the second-largest cryptocurrency by market cap, rose 5.4%, also on higher-than-average volume. ETH’s hourly chart shows that its ascent began overnight during the same time frame as BTC’s.
U.S. Equities: Traditional financial markets closed higher with the Dow Jones Industrial Average, S&P 500 and tech-heavy Nasdaq Composite increasing 1.1%, 1.5% and 2%, respectively.
Commodities: Crude oil futures increased 3.3%, and natural gas futures rose 1.78%. The price of gold declined 0.4%
The dollar index (DXY) declined 0.6%.
Altcoins traded higher, as polkadot (DOT), uniswap (UNI), and avalanche (AVAX) rose 4%, 4% and 7%, respectively.
●Bitcoin (BTC): $21,241 +9.5%
●Ether (ETH): $1,722 +4.3%
●S&P 500 daily close: 4,067.36 +1.5%
●Gold: $1,727 per troy ounce +1.1%
●Ten-year Treasury yield daily close: 3.32% +0.03
Bitcoin, ether and gold prices are taken at approximately 4pm New York time. Bitcoin is the CoinDesk Bitcoin Price Index (XBX); Ether is the CoinDesk Ether Price Index (ETX); Gold is the COMEX spot price. Information about CoinDesk Indices can be found at coindesk.com/indices.
BTC fights to reclaim prior area of support
Bitcoin rose sharply on higher-than-average trading volume on Friday. Volume was roughly twice its 20-day moving average, signaling strong conviction by traders.
BTC is flirting with an area of resistance highlighted in Thursday’s Market Wrap. To recap, the volume profile visible range (VPVR) tool is a tool to identify areas of trading activity, specific to price levels.
The price point coinciding with highest activity levels represents the “point of control,” and highlights areas of price agreement. These areas can be viewed as regions of both resistance and support for an asset. BTC’s current point of control is about $21,400..
BTC’s 10% increase outpaced ETH’s 4.5% climb, which is an aberration, given ETH’s outperformance since July. Most risky assets were higher on the day, as traders appear to be shrugging off Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell’s hawkish comments on inflation. Bitcoin's outperformance relative to other risky assets on Friday, however, implies that traders see BTC’s recent sell-off as overdone.
With the absence of a specific catalyst, BTC’s price movement appears to be tied to the possibility that the Federal Reserve will slow its pace of rate hikes in 2023, although Fed officials continue to reiterate the need to tighten monetary policy.
Inflation data set to be released next Tuesday will provide investors more clarity on price expectations. Better-than-expected inflation data would provide investors more reason to add to their BTC long positions, and contrary data could be viewed as an opportunity to take profits at current levels.
An important on-chain metric to watch ahead of the release of the consumer price index will be the movement of BTC exchange balances, a measure of the total amount of BTC held on exchanges.
An increase in balances is often viewed as bearish, as traders are moving BTC onto exchanges for the purpose of selling. A decrease implies the opposite, as traders move BTC off of exchanges and into cold storage.
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Sector classifications are provided via the Digital Asset Classification Standard (DACS), developed by CoinDesk Indices to provide a reliable, comprehensive and standardized classification system for digital assets. The CoinDesk Market Index (CMI) is a broad-based index designed to measure the market capitalization weighted performance of the digital asset market subject to minimum trading and exchange eligibility requirements.